White-stone Moscow

Russian capital has a lot of literary epithets. But there is a definition which is not perceived as a literary nickname - White-Stoned.

This word became a household name of Moscow. Nevertheless, not every Muscovite knows the background of this legendary epithet. Let alone the guests of the capital who have started to know Moscow better only recently... So, let us fill in the lacuna in our historical knowledge!

It is quite easy to see that the pronoun 'white-stoned' consists of two nouns - white and stone. This refers to the material used for elevating the walls of the Moscow Kremlin. But it was used only for a short period of time. As the chronicles imply, from the mid-twelve century the walls of the symbol of Moscow were made of rounded wooden logs. The famous white stone, namely limestone and dolomite, was not used till 1367. It was the period when the capital acquired its famous epithet.

But limestone turned out to be not very reliable construction material, and since the XV century the solid and practical red brick. Despite the fact that the 'white-stone' period was quite short, the name 'white-stoned Moscow' became so popular it is still used even nowadays. Just think of it: the Kremlin's red brick is over 500 years old but nobody calls the Russian capital 'red-bricked'. Moreover, in the ancient times the brick walls of the Kremlin were often whitewashed which only encouraged people to use the popular nickname. In the beginning of the XX century, during the well-known revolution events the whitewash was forgotten. At the same time the red color of the Kremlin bricks suited quite well the Soviet Russia in terms of ideology.

By the way, during the restoration works the fragments of the white stone were found in the foundation of the Kremlin walls. White-stoned Moscow is the history of Russia that belongs to the ages!

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